Charting The World: Carcassonne, France

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The City of Carcassonne is a fortified town in south west France, an exceptional example of a fortified medieval city, which played a role of primary importance in the history of the Languedoc region and the south of France. In the 19th century, the restoration work on the city, directed by Eugène Viollet-le-Duc, restored it to its unique appearance. It was listed as a World Heritage site by Unesco in 1997.  The Medieval city of Carcassonne has an extraordinary system of ramparts surrounding the castle and the buildings associated with it, its streets and its superb Gothic cathedral. “Carcassonne also owes its exceptional importance to the long restoration campaign carried out by Viollet-le-Duc,” according to the Unesco web site.

At the end of the Crusade against the Albigensians, the historical fortified city of Carcassonne became an emblematic centre of the power of the King of France, at the border with Aragon. Under the successive reigns of Louis IX, Philip the Bold and Philip the Fair, it took on its final shape.

800px-Carcassonne_JPG03At the beginning of the 19th century, the city was a fortress with half-ruined walls, perched on a butte which is difficult to reach. It was only in the second half of the 19th century that it benefited, under the direction of Eugène Viollet-le-Duc, from one of the most extensive restoration projects ever carried out up until that time.  From 1846 to 1852, the architect carried out exceptional work, which involved taking advantage of all of the material traces visible in the masonry, and which could shed light on the structure. Based on these indications, sometimes tenuous, he restored the fortress, referring to the form it had been given by the royal engineers of the 13th century. The work he started continued even after his death in 1879.[/fusion_text][/fusion_builder_column][/fusion_builder_row][/fusion_builder_container][fusion_builder_container background_color=”” background_image=”” background_parallax=”none” enable_mobile=”no” parallax_speed=”0.3″ background_repeat=”no-repeat” background_position=”left top” video_url=”” video_aspect_ratio=”16:9″ video_webm=”” video_mp4=”” video_ogv=”” video_preview_image=”” overlay_color=”” overlay_opacity=”0.5″ video_mute=”yes” video_loop=”yes” fade=”no” border_size=”0px” border_color=”” border_style=”” padding_top=”20″ padding_bottom=”20″ padding_left=”0″ padding_right=”0″ hundred_percent=”no” equal_height_columns=”no” hide_on_mobile=”no” menu_anchor=”” class=”” id=””][fusion_builder_row][fusion_builder_column type=”1_1″ last=”yes” spacing=”yes” center_content=”no” hide_on_mobile=”no” background_color=”” background_image=”” background_repeat=”no-repeat” background_position=”left top” hover_type=”none” link=”” border_position=”all” border_size=”0px” border_color=”” border_style=”” padding=”” margin_top=”” margin_bottom=”” animation_type=”” animation_direction=”” animation_speed=”0.1″ animation_offset=”” class=”” id=””][fusion_map address=”Carcassonne, France” type=”roadmap” map_style=”default” overlay_color=”” infobox=”default” infobox_background_color=”” infobox_text_color=”” infobox_content=”” icon=”” width=”100%” height=”300px” zoom=”5″ scrollwheel=”yes” scale=”yes” zoom_pancontrol=”yes” animation=”yes” popup=”yes” class=”” id=””][/fusion_map][/fusion_builder_column][/fusion_builder_row][/fusion_builder_container]

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