Overview & Brief History

Athens, the capital city of Greece, is one of the world’s oldest and most historically significant cities. Nestled in the Attica region, Athens serves as the political, economic, and cultural heart of Greece. Known for its rich history, ancient ruins, and vibrant contemporary life, Athens is a city that seamlessly blends the past with the present.


A Brief History

Athens, the capital city of Greece, boasts a history that spans millennia and has left an indelible mark on Western civilization. Often hailed as the cradle of Western culture, Athens experienced its golden age in the 5th century BCE, a period of unparalleled achievements in philosophy, democracy, arts, and architecture. The construction of the Acropolis, including the iconic Parthenon, stands as a testament to the city’s cultural zenith during this time.


Following this illustrious period, Athens faced various phases of rule, including Roman and Byzantine dominion, during which it maintained cultural significance but experienced a relative decline in political power. Subsequently, the city fell under Ottoman rule in the mid-15th century, enduring for nearly four centuries. Despite this period of subjugation, Athens continued to be a center for Greek culture and learning.


The 19th century witnessed a resurgence of Greek nationalism, leading to the Greek War of Independence (1821-1830). Athens played a crucial role in this movement, and the city was officially liberated in 1833, becoming the capital of the newly independent Greek state. Over the ensuing decades, Athens underwent modernization efforts, and neoclassical buildings emerged as symbols of the city’s evolving identity.


In the modern era, Athens experienced a transformative period leading up to the 2004 Summer Olympics, marked by significant infrastructure improvements and renewed global attention. Today, Athens stands as a dynamic metropolis, seamlessly blending its ancient landmarks, such as the Acropolis, with neoclassical architecture and modern structures. The city continues to be a captivating destination, attracting visitors from around the world eager to explore its rich historical and cultural heritage.




Things to See & Do

The Acropolis
he Acropolis is the most iconic landmark in Athens. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is home to some of the most important ancient Greek buildings, including the Parthenon, the Erechtheion, and the Temple of Athena Nike.



The National Archaeological Museum

The National Archaeological Museum is one of the largest and most important archaeological museums in the world. It houses a vast collection of artifacts from all over Greece, spanning from the prehistoric era to the Byzantine period



Ancient Agora

The Ancient Agora was the heart of ancient Athens, and was a marketplace, a place of public assembly, and a religious center. Today, visitors can walk through the ruins of the Agora, including the Temple of Hephaestus, the Stoa of Attalos, and the Altar of the Twelve Gods.



Temple of Zeus Olympios
The Temple of Zeus Olympios was one of the largest temples in the ancient world, but was never completed. Despite its unfinished state, the Temple of Zeus Olympios is still an impressive sight, and its towering columns give visitors a sense of the power and grandeur of ancient Athens.



Mount Lycabettus

Mount Lycabettus is the highest hill in the city of Athens, and offers stunning views of the city and the surrounding countryside. Visitors can hike to the top of the hill, or take the funicular railway.

Local Dining

Savory Souvlaki at O Thanasis…

Immerse yourself in the authentic taste of Athens at O Thanasis, a family-run taverna nestled in the heart of Plaka. Their legendary souvlaki is a must-try, with succulent chunks of meat grilled to perfection and served with a side of fresh tzatziki and crispy fries.


To Kati Allo… Nestled in the charming neighborhood of Psyrri, To Kati Allo is a haven for lovers of Greek cuisine. Their menu features a delightful array of mezedes (small plates), perfect for sharing and sampling. Don’t miss their signature dish, the keftedes (meatballs) smothered in a rich tomato sauce.

Insider Tips

The best time to visit Athens is during the shoulder seasons (April-May or September-October) when the weather is pleasant and the crowds are smaller.


The Athens Pass is a great way to save money on your trip. It gives you free admission to many of the city’s top attractions, including the Acropolis, the National Archaeological Museum, and the Temple of Zeus Olympios. You also get discounts on transportation and other activities.


Athens is a city of neighborhoods, each with its own unique character. Take some time to wander around and explore neighborhoods like Plaka, Monastiraki, and Kolonaki.

Virtual Tours

Acropolis and Parthenon Walking Tour

Mount Lycabettus aerial view

Athens Walking Tour


Interactive Maps

Explore the Acropolis Museum

Mount Lycabettus

Syntagma Square


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