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Top 10 Cathedrals in England, Scotland, and Wales

Far from your average medieval church, the most exquisite spiritual centers in England, Scotland, and Wales are a testament to the imagination and meticulous craftsmanship of mankind. These amazing structures can be found in every corner of Britain. Though difficult to narrow down to only 10, I managed a list of the very best cathedrals in Britain based on historical significance, aesthetic beauty, and architectural scale.

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Are you getting ready to travel to the U.K.? With thousands of years of history on one little island, there’s so much to see, it’s easy to miss out. Leave it to the experts to build a from scratch a personal travel guide just for you—complete not only with activities, but also local dining, nightlife, transportation, maps, and more.

#1) Canterbury Cathedral, England

Canterbury-cathedral

Magnificent is the only word to describe this stunning cathedral.  Nestled in the small walled city of Canterbury in southeast England, this church is a true wonder. Canterbury is one of the oldest churches in England and serves as the official seat of the Church of England.

The church was originally founded by St. Augustine on a mission trip for Pope Gregory the Great in 597.  Augustine’s original building was extensively rebuilt and enlarged by the Saxons, and now lies beneath the floor of the modern nave.  The cathedral was then completely rebuilt by the Normans in 1070 following a major fire.

Although the church has seen many additions over the last nine hundred years, parts of the quire and some of the stained glass windows date from early as the 12th century.  Today, Canterbury Cathedral sees nearly 2,000 services held each year and still stands a towering testament to the power of religion in England’s early history.

#2) St. Paul’s Cathedral, England

st paul's cathedral

Built by one of Britain’s most famous architects, Sir Christopher Wren, St. Paul’s Cathedral is an architectural marvel, and stands as one of London’s most iconic buildings.  The site of the present cathedral has housed a church dedicated to St. Paul for over 1,400 years. The present building was built between 1675 and 1710, and serves the city of London as its Cathedral Church of the Diocese of London.

St. Paul is best known for its iconic dome, one of the largest in the world, which dominates the London skyline.  Notable highlights of the cathedral include the large underground crypt, which houses some of the nation’s greatest heroes including Admiral Lord Nelson, The Duke of Wellington, and the famous architect of the building himself, Sir Christopher Wren.

Tip: As part of your visit to the cathedral, you should climb to the top of the dome for unmatched panoramic views of downtown London.

The Guidester Difference: Your personal travel guide by Guidester would make sure you knew that climbing the dome for stellar views of London is a far better option than the London Eye – you’ll save time, money, and get better views!

#3) St. Giles Cathedral, Scotland

St. Giles Cathedral

The High Kirk of Edinburgh serves as the official principal place of worship for the Church of Scotland.  There has been a site of worship here for over 900 years, with the present building owing pieces to different historical periods from the 13th through the 19th centuries.  Constant adding and reconstruction has produced one of the most iconic buildings in Scotland, and one of the best in Edinburgh.

The cathedral’s unique spire, large frontal stained glass windows, and general demeanor stands beautifully apart yet seems so right at place within the cityscape.

#4) Salisbury Cathedral, England

SalisburyCathedral-wyrdlight-EastExt

Officially referred to as the Cathedral of Saint Mary, this Anglican cathedral is a beautiful testament to early English architecture and stems deep back into English history. Standing at over 400 ft tall, the cathedral’s spire stands as the tallest in the United Kingdom. 

The cathedral also encompasses Britain’s largest cloister, contains the worlds oldest clock (circa 1386) and the best-preserved copy of the Magna Carta.  Not to mention the entire structure was built in just 38 years. 

An absolutely stunning structure, both inside and out, this wonder of Britain should be on the must-see list of any tour around the south of England.

#5) Lincoln Cathedral, England

This stunning structure was once the tallest building in the world, and from the early 1300s until 1549, stood alone from all others in the world.  Lincoln Cathedral is one of the best cathedrals simply because it so unique.

Often most cathedrals confer to the ‘Canterbury Archetype’, consisting of the standard long nave with crossing apes making the symbol of the cross. Lincoln’s Norman and Gothic combination of architectural styles spanning over centuries resulted in one of the most unique in Europe.

Like many of its contemporaries, the cathedral houses important historical works such one of the four copies of the Magna Carta, and texts from Saint Bede.

Tip: Across from the cathedral is Lincoln castle, which is a fun visit and will give you the very best place in the city to get great pictures of the cathedral.

#6) Winchester Cathedral, England

4014908218_26ed96f1d6_b

Sitting in the heart of the historic town of Winchester, this magnificent Church of England Cathedral stretches back fifteen centuries into English history.  Winchester was once the seat of the Anglo-Saxon monarchs and thus placed Winchester cathedral at the very center of English spiritual life.

With the coming of William the Conquer, the already five hundred-year-old cathedral found new life and began to take on the present form we see today. Along the cathedral’s rich and integral historical significance, the church has the largest nave and overall length of any Gothic cathedral in Europe.

Tip: Among the many great treasures housed in Winchester you will find Triforium Gallery, displaying precious works of art, and the Winchester Bible, the largest and finest of all the 12th century English bibles. Winchester Cathedral and the surrounding sleepy little town are absolutely worth the journey on your tour of southern England.

#7) St. David’s Cathedral, Wales

Davids Cathedral

St. David’s lies in a small town of the same name, which lies on the most westerly coast of Wales, offering revelers a chance to awe at the surrounding natural beauty. By the 8th century, St. David’s already had enjoyed such a prominent spiritual force in Britain that the Wessex King Alfred once called upon aid from the monastic community during his holdout against the Vikings raids.

The present building was begun 1181, but not long after completion and throughout its life the church saw devastation after devastation, including the collapse of a central tower and subsequent earthquakes.  Culminating in the cathedral’s misfortunes was the wrath brought by Oliver Cromwell and his forces.  The historic building was largely destroyed, not finding restoration until the late 18th century.

#8) St. Magnus Cathedral, Scotland

St_Magnus_Cathedral

Built for the Norse Earls of Orkney in the far north of Scotland, St. Magnus Cathedral takes the cake on the most historically romantic and poetic.  Red sandstone, quarried from nearby Eday island, it stands out as a healthy reprieve from the otherwise green and blue dominated landscape.

The cathedral itself is a fine example of typical Norman architecture, studded with large pillars and many small archways. Found in a small cavity during renovation in the early 20th century. the relics of St. Magnus forever rest within the cathedral he founded.  Across from the cathedral lies the Bishops Palace, where the local elite Bishops lived and presided over their church. The historic building will be a can’t miss spot as the island of Kirkwall is quite small with only a handful of major historical attractions.

Tip: Make sure to watch the film chronicling the building and tantalizing history of the majestic cathedral.

#9) Durham Cathedral, England

Durham Cathedral is one of the great buildings of Europe that captures a thousand years of British political, social, and religious history. Built in the Romanesque style between 1093 and 1133, it remains a place of worship and pilgrimage and an important visitor attraction.

Durham Cathedral was to be entirely made of stone from the outset which was unusual for the time when wood was often used. That was a big deal as no one in Europe had truly mastered stone architecture since the fall of the Roman Empire. In fact, it is the oldest surviving building with a stone vaulted ceiling of such a large scale. 

Highlights include the 12th-century Galilee Chapel with its original medieval wall paintings, the towering sandstone pillars in the Nave, the stunning Rose Window, and the medieval Cloister which featured in the first two Harry Potter films.

TipDon’t miss climbing the Cathedral’s central tower where visitors can walk up the 325 steps and enjoy beautiful views over historic Durham City and surrounding countryside. If you’re not feeling up to the main tower the northwest tower is a gentler climb at only 137 steps, and offers spectacular views over the world heritage site towards Durham Castle.

#10) Wells Cathedral, England

Wells_Cathedral
This romantic cathedral set in the Somerset countryside serves as the seat for the Bishop of Bath and Wells.  Wells Cathedral is unique in Britain for the fact that it was the first to be built in the Gothic style, unlike most other British cathedrals which were built during the Norman period. The present building has undergone many extensions and renovations since its consecration in 1239, but stands largely original to the medieval period.

Looking for expert travel guidance on what to see and do on your trip?

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As there is abundance of gorgeous cathedrals in England, Scotland, and Wales, we chose these ten for their architectural beauty, historical significance, and overall charm.  The two most glaring omissions here are Westminster Abbey and Bath Abbey.  Both of these spiritual centers are spectacular, but don’t qualify as cathedrals as they don’t serve a Bishop and as a result did not make the list.

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33 thoughts on “Top 10 Cathedrals in England, Scotland, and Wales”

  1. heading to the UK in April and cant wait to explore some of the Cathedrals. Great list. I love exploring them and churches not only because of my faith but really because the architecture and art are remarkable and often show insight into the time better than museums.

    1. Eric, thank you for your comment. You are so right, these places of worship are a wonder to explore. I’m glad you are visiting the U.K. in April. I lived there for two years and know it well. You will have an amazing experience!

  2. All the cathedrals you have on that list are spectacular my three personal favourites being Canterbury, Ely, Wells and Lincoln. However any top ten list of cathedrals in England, Wales and Scotland has to have Durham in it. This for me is a glaring omission.

    1. Thank you for the comment! This was a hard list to create as there are so many beautiful cathedrals in Britain. I feel pretty confident about the list but do agree with you that Durham is a spectacular cathedral!

        1. Mrs. Barbara Walley

          It was a glaring mistake – no Durham or Liverpool. I noticed all of the other Cathedrals were in the South of the country!!! Maybe you need to look further afield to some of the other glorious Cathedrals. Thank you for telling of the history of these magnificent buildings.

          1. Thank you Barbara for following. It was a very hard decision narrowing down the list to just 10 as there are just too many glorious cathedrals around the U.K. We will probably need to make a Top 10 List Part Two!

  3. Been in St Paul, Canterburry and Winchester. Amazing work centuries ago. Will visit others for shure
    Franci / Celje / Slovenia

  4. The omission of Liverpool Cathedral from this list is bewildering. I’m guessing the writer has never visited it and experienced its grandeur. I can’t think of any other reason for this glaring omission.

    1. Richard thank you for your comment. This was a very hard list to keep down to just 10 as there are so many spectacular cathedrals in Britain. I have actually been to Liverpool Cathedral personally and you are correct the cathedral is absolutely beautiful. However, the cathedral is much more modern, having been built in the 20th century, and therefore didn’t seem appropriate with our other choices which are much older structures.

  5. Oops missed off the
    Largest in UK
    5th in world
    Highest under tower arches in the world.
    Highest and heaviest bells in world 67m 31.5 tonnes.
    Largest Uk organ and one of largest in world 10267 pipes.
    2 out of 3 most powerful stops in world. LIVERPOOL

    1. Hi Steve, thank you for your comment. Liverpool is indeed a mighty cathedral, but we had to narrow the list down to 10 and we were focused on more historic cathedrals in Britain. Liverpool Cathedral was actually built in the 20th century so it is relatively modern.

  6. Richard Boyden

    Nice list, but it’s hard to come with a short list because there are far more than ten great churches in Britain that must be listed. Others complained about omission of Durham, Lincoln, and I should mention York Minster. There are many more.

    Big issue: Ely Cathedral could not have been started by William the Conqueror in 1093. He died in 1087.

  7. A lovely list…but it should indeed spawn a second, to include Lichfield which has a warm and engaging atmosphere like no other. It can also be seen from a slight distance with a single sweep of the eye….so a very relatable cathedral.

    1. Tessa, thank you for following. Yes, it was very difficult to narrow the list down to just 10, but we are indeed considering a follow up list to capture all the gorgeous cathedrals we missed on the first go!

  8. Randall Cornelius

    I was there to see Canterbury, and it was just incredible to see it in person. I think you could spend a whole day or maybe two just to tour the grounds. I love the castles and the one palace that I got to take a tour of.

  9. David Retallack

    I cannot help thinking that the Welsh and Scottish cathedrals have been included for the sake of political correctness. There is nothing special about the ones listed here. All the truely great Cathedrals are usually either English, French or German because they were built by the same stone masons who moved around Europe, gaining employment where any new cathedrals were being constructed.

    1. Hey David thanks for your comment. The point of the article was to highlight the whole of British cathedrals which includes England, Scotland, and Wales. And having personally been to nearly all of this myself, I believe the cathedrals highlighted in Scotland and Wales are very historically significant and are indeed worth visiting.

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